The council said North Korea's illegal missile and nuclear activities "are greatly increasing tension in the region and beyond" and expressed "utmost concern" at its "highly destabilizing behavior and flagrant and provocative defiance" of six United Nations sanctions resolutions.
Council statements require a consensus among all 15 members.
Russian Federation wanted to include language contained in a previous resolution stressing the need to achieve a solution through dialogue, council diplomats said.
The statement wanted the United Nations demands North Korea conducts no further tests.
In recent months North Korea has refused to buckle to global pressure and continued to develop both its nuclear and test missiles.
"We are evaluating all of those options", he said.
Diplomats who spoke on condition of anonymity appeared surprised that Russian Federation would block condemnation that China, Pyongyang's ally, had been willing to support.
The condemnation eventually agreed by the council included the words "through dialogue" and said the council was prepared to consider further sanctions.
Pyongyang is seeking to develop a long-range missile capable of hitting the United States mainland with a nuclear warhead, and has so far staged five nuclear tests, two of them previous year.
China is North Korea's closest ally.
Tensions have risen after U.S. President Donald Trump took a hard rhetorical line with North Korean leader Kim Jong Un, who has rebuffed admonitions from China and proceeded with nuclear and missile programs seen by Washington as a direct threat.
North Korean state-run media has claimed that the country will launch a "super-mighty preemptive strike" against the United States following statements by members of President Donald Trump's administration that the US intends to increase pressure on the Hermit Kingdom, Reuters reported Thursday.
The comment came after Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said Wednesday that he was "reviewing all of the status of North Korea, both in terms of state sponsorship of terrorism as well as all the other ways in which we can bring pressure to bear on the regime in Pyongyang to reengage".