"We would consider that a violation of UNSCR 2231", Nauert said at a briefing with reporters when asked about the launch.
The broadcast said: "The Imam Khomeini Space Centre was officially opened with the successful test of the Simorgh (Phoenix) space launch vehicle".
The move comes days after Iran warned the United States of a response to the new economic sanctions Washington has imposed over Tehran's ballistic missile programme.
Iran had vowed to respond to the latest set of United States sanctions, which targeted 18 entities or individuals that had supported Iran's ballistic missile programme or the country's elite Revolutionary Guard Corps.
A satellite launch was reported in 2015, using a different class of rocket than the one mentioned in Thursday's claim. "The Simorgh can place a satellite weighing up to 250 kg (550 pounds) in an orbit of 500 km".
Iran had sent in February 2015, a small observation satellite built locally, called Fajr (Dawn ed), a weight of 52 kilogram, the first since 2012, that had been placed "successfully" in orbit 450 kilometers above earth, according to the iranian media. From sending people of Iran refused due to too high of a startup cost. That launch happened while Iran was negotiating the nuclear deal.
Nader Karimi Joni, a journalist close to the government of President Hassan Rouhani of Iran, said the launch on Thursday was a reaction to the House vote on Tuesday approving the new sanctions.
Iran's satellite-launch program falls under the responsibility of the defense ministry, which has denied that the space program is a cover for weapons development. "Iran will not stop the missile projects".