Brendon Hartley made his F1 debut in Texas and is now set to also compete in Mexico, Brazil and Abu Dhabi.
Lewis Hamilton, who has already clinched the 2017 FIA Formula One World Championship, joined an elite list of drivers to have won the F1 title on more than three occasions.
Even if Bottas does believe Vettel has the faster vehicle, the odds at least are on his side - the last four Grands Prix at Interlagos have all been won from pole position, the last three of them by Mercedes.
Red Bull's Australian driver Daniel Ricciardo was fifth but incurred a 10-place grid penalty and will start from 15th. "Please say a prayer for my guys who are here as professionals today even if shaken", wrote Hamilton. I got a good lap in at the end.
Hamilton had been hoping for a 12th pole of the season.
Hamilton's vehicle sustained significant damage in the incident, and he will now start Sunday's race, the penultimate grand prix of the season, from the back of the field.
Hamilton then added: "This happens every single year here".
"In a few occasions, not as many as I would have wanted, I managed to be ahead of him", Bottas told Sky Sports News.
"I just need to take whatever bubble of negativity comes from that experience and move forwards and try and grow from it".
"It's really good to start on the pole here, we have a good auto, it's going to be a close race still with Ferrari, but I'd rather start from pole than, for example, from P3".