"Not only do pollutants harm babies' developing lungs - they can permanently damage their developing brains - and, thus, their futures", commented UNICEF executive director Anthony Lake. A further four million are at risk in East Asia and the Pacific.
Stating the obvious yet ignored, he added: "Protecting children from air pollution not only benefits children".
UNICEF claimed that all over the world, around seventeen million infants under the age of one are living in such highly polluted areas, out of which approximately 12.2 million of them live in South Asia.
The UNICEF report notes that breathing in particular air pollution can damage brain tissue and undermine cognitive development which he said can set children back and have a lasting effect on their progress in life. It has made many ground breaking revelations that state that particulate matters can also cause neurological inflammation and also damage the barrier between brain and blood which is a thin and delicate memberane which helps in protection of brain from the toxicity of environment.
Satellite imagery used to assess pollution levels around the world found that South Asian countries accounted for 12.2 million of the total number of affected children but that there is also a growing problem in African cities.
When there is an exposure of a pregnant women to pollutants, it harms them a lot.
The first and foremost step that each one of us should take is towards reducing air pollution as much as possible.
Air pollution potentially affects children's brains through several mechanisms.
This is according to a report by the United Nations children's agency.
It called for a greater use of masks, air filtration systems and for children to avoid travelling when pollution levels are at their highest.
The paper urges parents to take steps to reduce children's exposure to harmful chemicals, including from tobacco products and cooking stoves.
It also suggests investing in cleaner, renewable sources of energy to replace fossil fuel combustion; provide affordable access to public transport; increase green spaces in urban areas; and provide better waste management options to prevent open burning of harmful chemicals. This includes the prevention and treatment of pneumonia, as well as the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding and good nutrition. The reports came during the time when India, especially Delhi, the capital of the nation is already on the top list regarding pollution. The result of same has deteriorated lungs of many children in Delhi and the pollution levels are affecting fetuses too.