Gorakhpur is the parliamentary constituency and stronghold of Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Yogi Adityanath. According to the Election Commission, there are 19.61 lakh voters in Phulpur parliamentary constituency, while the Gorakhpur Lok Sabha seat has 19.49 lakh electorates. The SP's candidate is Nishad Party leader Praveen Kumar Nishad, and the Congress has fielded gynecologist Surheetha Kareem.
In Gorakhpur parliamentary constituency, there are 970 polling centres and 2141 polling booths, while in Phulpur, there are 793 polling centres and 2059 polling booths.
Kaushalendra Singh Patel from the BJP, Nagendra Pratap Singh Patel from SP and Manish Mishra from Congress are contesting from the Phulpur seat.
The byelections in Uttar Pradesh are significant since they mark the new alliance of the SP and the BSP which could change the complexion of politics in the state if it proves a success. A total of 19.63 lakh voters will decide the fate of 22 candidates. "People will reject them too", said Yogi Adityanath.
Tight security arrangements have been made for voting in the two seats in politically crucial Uttar Pradesh.
In Araria, the death of Mohd Taslimuddin necessitated the bypoll, while in Jahanabad, the death of Mundrika Yadav led to the seat falling empty.
It will be the first major test for Chief Minister Nitish Kumar since walking out of the Grand Alliance previous year. The key contenders for the seat are RJD's Sarafaraz Alam, Taslimuddin's son, and the BJP's Pradip Singh.
In Gorakhpur, BJP has fielded party worker Upendra Shukla. The Bhabua seat is witnessing a straight contest between BJP's Rinki Pandey and Congress' Shambhu Singh Patel.
On the other hand, the bye-elections to Jehanabad and Bhabua assembly seats are being held following the demise of sitting legislators from the RJD and the BJP, respectively. The party has fielded his son Sujay Yadav against JD (U) candidate Abhiram Sharma. The District Magistrate and Superintendent of Police have been rushed to the spot.
In 2014 General Election, Adityanath had secured 5.39 lakh votes, while SP's Rajmati had got 2.26 lakh votes and BSP's Ram Bhuval 1.76 lakh.