For all the parsing of differences between the finalists on the president's shortlist in recent days - Judge Amy Coney Barrett was praised by conservative Christian groups who believed she held the deepest anti-abortion beliefs, Judge Thomas Hardiman was criticized by those same groups who anxious he might slide to the left as Justices Souter, Kennedy and Blackmun did before him, Kavanaugh raised concerns from some because his anti-abortion opinions were not strong enough - all of those under consideration effectively posed a similar threat to abortion access in the United States.
The White House wants Kavanaugh to be in place by October 1, when the court's next term formally opens, and Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has said the Senate will vote to confirm Kennedy's successor in the fall. He graduated from Yale Law School in 1990, and then clerked for Justice Anthony Kennedy, whose seat he is now taking on the Supreme Court.
During the announcement Monday evening, Trump called Kavanaugh a "judge's judge" and a "thought leader among his peers". Hardiman was said to be the runner-up to succeed Antonin Scalia, the seat Neil Gorsuch eventually occupied after being confirmed in 2017.
Kavanaugh also credited his mother as having "overcame barriers", becoming a Montgomery County Circuit Court judge in 1993.
"Justice Kennedy's retirement makes the issue of Senate control one of the vital issues of our time", he told an audience in Fargo, N.D., last month.
Kavanaugh potentially could serve on the high court for decades.
"A judge must interpret statutes as written". This will constitute the most conservative bloc of justices since the early years of the Roosevelt administration, when a hidebound group of justices struck down crucial pieces of New Deal legislation created to ease the suffering of millions during the Great Depression.
"Politically for Susan.it's very hazardous right now for her to take on President Trump", said former senator Lincoln Chafee of Rhode Island, a one-time Republican who formed a block with Collins and other moderates to defuse a standoff with Democrats over judicial filibusters during the George W. Bush presidency. "Now, the Senate has a responsibility to fulfill its constitutional duty, serve as a check on this reckless president and reject Brett Kavanaugh's nomination". A former White House aide under Bush who previously worked for Kenneth Starr, the independent counsel who investigated Democratic former President Bill Clinton in the 1990s, he faced a long confirmation battle when Bush nominated him to his current post. Kavanaugh in 2009 changed his tune on the Starr probe, arguing that presidents should be free from civil lawsuits, criminal prosecutions and investigations while in office.
Donald Trump is poised to continue his remake of the U.S. Supreme Court, with a nomination to be announced Monday night that could solidify conservative jurisprudence for years. Thomas, at 70, is the oldest of the court's remaining Republican appointees.
The White House is hoping the Senate moves quickly to confirm Kavanaugh before the midterm elections in November threaten to unfurl the narrow Republican majority in the chamber and nix the precious leverage the GOP holds over some red state Democrats up for reelection in 2018.
U.S. Sen. Doug Jones, a former U.S. attorney, is a member of the Democratic Party that is expected to provide the resistance to Trump's pick in the Senate's confirmation process.
The nomination is Trump's second to the nation's highest court, a rare presidential privilege that could seal a key part of Trump's legacy less than two years into his first term. But a new, more solidly conservative majority could shift that balance.
Perhaps the most intense issue that advocacy groups will focus on during the contested confirmation hearings to follow will be whether Kavanaugh may vote to overturn the seminal 1973 Roe v. Wade decision that ruled that the right to abortion was constitutionally protected. Although Trump said he would not ask judicial candidates about their views on Roe directly, advocates on both sides of the abortion debate believe that ruling could be vulnerable once Kennedy's successor is seated.
"FreedomWorks calls upon Majority Leader McConnell to act swiftly and ensure Kavanaugh is confirmed on the Senate floor". "They want. voting rights and gay rights and other rights to be not only preserved, but also enhanced".