The additional tariffs are on top of penalties enacted earlier this year on $50 billion worth of Chinese goods.
The statement from the Ministry of Commerce did not note specific actions, though China has previously said it would respond with levies on $60 billion worth of United States goods.
However, some products that help computer networks operate, such as routers, remain on the latest list. More than 300 products were removed from that list - including smartwatches, health and safety devices and children's playpens.
"We are looking forward to a more lovely counter-attack and will keep increasing the pain felt by the USA", the Chinese-language column said.
"China has had many opportunities to fully address our concerns", Trump said in a statement.
"For months, we have urged China to change these unfair practices, and give fair and reciprocal treatment to American companies", Trump said.
Trump also threatened to inflict more economic pain in the form of additional tariffs if Beijing takes any retaliatory action.
China's vice premier, Liu He, was expected to visit Washington next week to restart negotiations with Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, but analysts say the $200 billion development likely knocked that meeting off the table. It brings all Chinese imports subject to added tariffs to $250 billion, roughly half of China's shipments to the USA a year ago.
Sohn said the Trump administration is pursuing a legitimate goal of getting China to stop violating global trade rules but that it should have enlisted support from other trading partners, such as the European Union, Canada and Mexico, and presented Beijing with a united front.
Beijing has said it would also unleash "qualitative" measures against the United States, which some American firms have interpreted as heightened regulations and stalled visas.
"That's a lot to ask", he said.
In remarks from the Roosevelt Room, he said he was confident an agreement could eventually be reached with China, but stressed such an accord must do right by American workers. These tactics include hacking US companies to steal their trade secrets and forcing them to turn over their know-how in exchange for access to the Chinese market. "But from our standpoint, it has to be fair". China has accused the United States of trade bullying and, to this point, has responded dollar-for-dollar with tariffs of its own. The duties take effect September 24 at a 10 percent rate.
United States trade officials held public hearings in late August on the proposed escalation, hearing from dozens of American businesses hoping to be exempted.
In a letter to the USA trade representative, Dell, Cisco, Juniper Networks and Hewlett Packard Enterprise said that tariffs on of their networking equipment could hurt their bottom lines and lead to possible U.S. job losses.
The revised list reflects the lobbying efforts various industries made to try and protect their products, ranging from technology giant Apple to Lighting Technologies International, a medium-sized California company that uses rare earth elements to make xenon lamps for digital cinema projectors. Economists say the cost of consumer products such as air conditioners, furniture, lamps and handbags will rise, since many American manufacturers assemble goods on Chinese soil.
Economists warn the tariffs could chip away at USA economic growth.
'The best way forward is an imminent return to results-oriented negotiations, William Zarit, chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, said in a statement. He said companies will be forced to choose between raising prices on goods or absorbing the hit to their profit margins.
On the call with reporters, senior administration officials declined to comment on when talks might restart with their Chinese counterparts. But they object to Trump's tactics and warn the dispute could chill global economic growth and undermine worldwide trade regulation.
The administration revised the list of goods that will be hit by tariffs following a commentary period and public hearings last month.
"Our concern with these tariffs is that the U.S. will be hardest hit, and that will result in lower United States growth and competitiveness and higher prices for USA consumers", Apple said in a letter commenting on the proposal.