Superbugs - resistant to more than one antibiotic - are springing up across the globe, experts said.
The Runny Ear Study (REST), funded by the National Institute for Health Research, will focus on children who have middle ear infections with discharge (AOMd). In the ensuing decades, we've benefited from medical miracles, from chemotherapy to organ transplants.
"If we fail to take adequate measures now, in the decades to come we may be faced with the frightening scenario where our antibiotics will no longer be effective, and illnesses and diseases that we are able to cure with antibiotics at present could become potentially unsafe superbugs of the future", Messina concluded.
Back to the present.
A study published in infectious diseases journal The Lancet this month estimates that about 33,000 people die each year in Europe as a direct outcome of an infection due to bacteria resistant to antibiotics-and the burden of these infections is comparable to that of influenza, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS combined. "We have been modifying old drugs but have failed to find something completely new that the bugs haven't had time to figure out how to deal with".
WHO noted that a global action plan to tackle the growing problem of resistance to antibiotics and other microbial medicines was endorsed at the 68 World Health Assembly in 2015.
"Antibiotics can save lives and are critical tools for treating many common and more serious infections, like those that can lead to sepsis - a potentially deadly blood infection", Dr. Rodgers added. That means several private and public doctors prescribe heavy antibiotics for early cure. Studies have shown at least 30 percent of antibiotic prescriptions in the US aren't necessary. Up to 50 percent of all prescribed antibiotics are not needed or are not effective as prescribed.
200 - the percentage increase in antibiotic use predicted to occur by 2030. Meat producers often give the drugs routinely to animals that aren't sick to prevent diseases promoted by industrial farming practices, including overcrowded and unsanitary conditions.
The abuse of antibiotics increases the spread of a phenomenon called antibiotic resistance, which the United Nations warns could surpass annual cancer fatalities. These bacteria can spread from farms to people on the meat itself, through water and soil, airborne dust and contaminated workers.
"The MOH in partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation joined the concerted regional and worldwide efforts to reduce antimicrobial resistance and ensure the availability of effective antibiotics", said Aman.
According to the IPU, heath services are seeing an increase in levels of antibiotic resistant infections, and this is thought to be largely due to the overuse and misuse of these drugs. Never take antibiotics prescribed for someone else and do not reuse any of the old prescriptions.
While a significant number of anti-skin infection antibiotics had come out in the last 30 years, McBride said there had been virtually no new anti-gut organism antibiotics.