At the launch of the ninth African Vaccination Week on Wednesday in São Tomé and Príncipe, immunisation partners stressed the importance of countries remaining vigilant in the fight against vaccine-preventable diseases. They said it's the best way to protect you and your family from the highly contagious disease.
Around 169 million children missed out on the measles vaccine over an eight-year period, a shortfall in protective coverage that has paved the way for a disease that is sweeping the world, the U.N. Children's Fund said Thursday.
"A significant factor contributing to the outbreaks in NY is misinformation in the communities about the safety of the measles/mumps/rubella vaccine", CDC said.
The measles outbreaks were largely imported by unvaccinated travelers who were exposed to the disease in another country and returned to the USA where they exposed other unvaccinated people.
Measles outbreaks - defined as three or more cases - have been ongoing this year in Rockland County, New York; New York City; Washington state; Santa Cruz County, California; New Jersey; Butte County, California; and MI.
A list of 10 high-income countries, published by Unicef, shows the USA has the highest number of children missing out on their first dose of the vaccine.
Dr Shoemack said two of the four new cases were linked to the initial outbreak in Mount Maunganui which began with a young female backpacker from Europe in her 20s, who infected six members of the same social group she had contact with during her visit.
"All Americans would be safer and healthier if we received measles vaccines on the recommended schedule", he said. But global rates of first dose were reported at 85 percent in 2017, falling to 67 percent for the second dose.
The CDC has warned that measles is "so contagious that if one person has it, up to 90 percent of the people close to that person who are not immune will also become infected". Nine out of 10 unvaccinated people who are exposed to the virus will contract it, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The worst year for measles in modern USA history was 1958, with more than 763,000 reported cases and 552 deaths. They attributes these numbers to a lack of access to the drug, poor health care systems, complacency and the anti-vaccine movement.
Hamilton says one case has been identified in Florida so far and no reported measles cases in Leon or surrounding counties.