They included topics on overarching, long-term and strategic issues of global and regional importance, that are necessary for a rule-based worldwide order. "Both leaders had a general sense that terrorism was a common challenge and that they will work together to overcome it".
Modi said that "plogging" is popular in foreign countries, and praised Belvi for promoting it in India. Referring to the outcome of the Wuhan Summit, he said strategic communication has increased between the two countries, leading to an enhanced stability and a fresh momentum in bilateral ties. It was decided that public of both countries must be brought in the relationship.
The issues that divide India and China are not going anywhere. "The country that fares best is the one which has the least problems with his peer group and the broadest acceptance beyond", he said.
Prime Minister Modi and Chinese President agreed that it was important to deal with the challenges of terrorism and radicalisation in an increasingly complex world, the Foreign Secretary said.
On second day of their informal summit in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, Xi and Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi discussed various issues including trade and tourism. President Xi presented a return gift. A lengthy report by the state-run Xinhua news agency on Saturday on the two days of talks between Modi and Xi at Mamallapuram said the two leaders had a candid and in-depth exchange of views on China-India relations and the president said, "We should carefully handle issues concerning each other's core interests". Both Xi and Modi said the two countries need to look to the future. They have also agreed to encourage mutual investments in identified sectors through the development of a Manufacturing Partnership and also announced a High-Level Economic and Trade Dialogue for this. After the two-day talks, which mostly confined to the conversations between the two leaders in a relaxed manner followed by delegation-level talks in the end, Xi said "no matter from any point of view, China and India should be good neighbours and good partners who live in harmony and move forward hand in hand".
"The two leaders spoke on issues of trade, investment and on enhancing both the trade values as well as trade volumes in order to bridge the trade deficit between the two countries", Gokhale said.
Modi noted in his opening remarks that he and Xi had agreed to manage their differences prudently and not let them snowball into disputes.
A government press release said that both the leaders advocated advancing a rules-based and inclusive worldwide order, including through reforms that reflect the new realities of the 21st Century.
Both the leaders were also served three desserts - Ada Pradhaman, a Kerala delicacy made of rice palettes cooked in jaggery and coconut milk; Kavanarisi Halwa, a pudding made of black rice; and mukkani ice cream which is based on the three traditional fruits of Tamil Nadu, the Mango, Jack fruit and Banana. A one-on-one dinner between the two leaders, originally expected to take an hour, lasted almost 2½ hours.
A meeting between Xi and Modi in Wuhan, China, in April 2018 was preceded by tensions caused by a 10-week standoff between their countries' armed forces on the Bhutan border.