A Canadian American cosmologist and two Swiss scientists won this year's Nobel Prize in Physics today for exploring the evolution of the universe and discovering a new kind of planet, with implications for that nagging question: Does life exist only on Earth? Since their discovery, thousands more exoplanets have been discovered by the astronomy community. Their discovering of the major planet out of doors our solar system circling a superstar like our come by made astronomers look more sturdy for existence someplace else within the universe.
The prize amount is 9 million Swedish kroner, or about $908,280, and Peebles receives half of the award. "Since the discovery 25 years ago, everyone kept telling me: "It's a Nobel Prize discovery". His contributions to the Big Bang model and other work led to insights that just 5% of the universe is known matter - everything from stars to plants to humans - and the remaining 95% is unknown dark matter and dark energy.
"I remember many discussions I'd had with Michel and trying to demonstrate that it was not a planet but in the end we always circled back and said that that's the only explanation". The revamped panel at the Swedish Academy who will hand out the Nobel literature prizes Thursday Oct. 10, 2019, for both 2018 and 2019 would relish arguments about the winners, rather than intrigue about the #MeToo scandal that forced the institution to suspend the prize past year. "Completely transformative", Fischer said of the epic discovery.
This year's Nobel Prize in Physics will go to three scientists whose body of work has transformed scientific consensus on the scope of our universe, as well as expanded our insight into the cosmic conditions that could harbor extraterrestrial life.
The University's Vice-Chancellor, Professor Stephen Toope, said "I am delighted to hear that Professor Didier Queloz has been awarded this year's Nobel Prize in Physics".
Kaelin, who runs a laboratory at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston and is a professor at Harvard Medical School, was honored Monday along with fellow American Gregg Semenza and Britain's Peter Ratcliffe for their research on how cells sense and adapt to changing oxygen levels.
"I have been working in cosmology for 55 years", he said in an interview.
The two scientists were given the award for their October 1995 discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.
"Our whole universe was in a hot, dense state, then almost 14 billion years ago expansion started", academy member Ulf Danielsson said, quoting "The Big Bang" theme at the presentation in Stockholm.
James Peebles, a 2019 Nobel laureate in physics, was awarded the prize for his theories about what happened soon after the Big Bang.
"Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz focused on what is the most important to us", said Danielsson. The laureates receive them at an elegant ceremony in Stockholm on December 10 the anniversary of Nobel's death in 1896 together with five other Nobel winners.
Two Nobel literature laureates are to be announced Thursday - one for 2018 and one for 2019 - because last year's award was suspended after a sex abuse scandal rocked the Swedish Academy.
His work, which began in the mid-1960s, set the stage for a "transformation" of cosmology over the last half-century, using theoretical tools and calculations that helped interpret traces from the infancy of the universe, the committee said.
Goodenough, who is considered an intellectual giant of solid state chemistry and physics, is the oldest person to ever win a Nobel Prize - edging Arthur Ashkin, who was 96 when he was awarded the Nobel for physics past year.